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(Copyright notice.) The Zapotec pantheon is as rich and bewildering as any other Mesoamerican religion is to modern eyes with the standard deities for such important agencies on the human condition as rain, sun, wind, earth, and war. With the development of the capital city, its people lived on artificially levelled terraces on the hill. Monumental structures like the Temple of Danzentes had relief figures that decorated the stone platform. Ancient-Civilizations.com participates in the Amazon Associate program and earns money from qualifying purchases.
His eyebrows depict the heavens, his lower lids represent clouds, and his forked serpent's tongue represents a bolt of lightning. Use our Godbrowser™ to explore the Gods of Zapotec Mythology.
(occasionally spelt Cociyo) is a lightning deity of the pre-Columbian Zapotec civilization of southern Mexico.  In Zapotec myth, he made the sun, moon, stars, seasons, land, mountains, rivers, plants and animals, and day and night by exhaling and creating everything from his breath. But corrections are always welcome, especially from people with first-hand knowledge. Close to 300 figures are identifiable. They evolved from the agricultural communities from in and around Oaxaca. The Zapotecs also known as the cloud people were native of the southern highlands of central Mesoamerica, specifically in the Valley of Oaxaca.
They also accompanied their rituals with burning incense believing that the aromatic smoke rose to join with the clouds, considered an effective way to communicate with one’s ancestors. Many Gods are spread across different regions, cultures and tribes. , The worship of Cocijo continued into early Colonial times. View the Zapotec pantheon. List of Zapotec deities. The capital city of Monte Alban was strategically placed to overlook three main valleys. Monumental structures like the Temple of Danzentes had relief figures that decorated the stone platform. A qualitative change took place especially in the region’s internal organization, political system and social stratification. It is also known as Lyobaa which means “place of rest”. For all media enquiries please contact us here. ➦ The history of the Zapotec civilization can be studied to a great extent by analyzing the archaeological remnants recovered from some of the major Zapotec sites such as Dainzu, Mitla, San José Mogote, Lambityeco, Yagul, El Palmillo and Zaachila. For all media enquiries please contact us here. We’ve tried to pin them down to a particular area if possible. Elite residences were built on stone foundations and the adobe walls were plastered with stucco. The people of Zapotec also believed that man’s relationship with natural forces such as lightning and earthquake required an appropriate sacrifice by the recipient.
In the religious practice of the Valley Zapotecs the primary god was Pitao Cozobi who was associated with maize and agriculture.
Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted. He has attributes characteristic of similar Mesoamerican deities associated with rain, thunder and lightning, such as Tlaloc of central Mexico, and Chaac (or Chaak) of the Maya civilization. Stairs from the house was linked to a small vestibule in front of the tomb to establish a connection of the world with the underworld. Godchecker™ is a trade mark used under license. Last edited on 8 September 2019, at 02:50. The Zapotecs followed a hieroglyphic system of writing. Many Gods are spread across different regions, cultures and tribes.  Cocijo was said to be the great lightning god and creator of the world. We’ve tried to pin them down to a particular area if possible. Required fields are marked *. Edited by Colin Renfrew and Ezra B. W. Zubrow. We have tried to collect as many Holy Aliases as possible. The Zapotec state formed at Monte Albán. Close to 300 figures are identifiable. We provide book recommendations and references based on our research for relevant topics. Copyright © 2015-document.write(new Date().getFullYear()) Ancient-Civilizations.com All Rights Reserved. Monte Albán reached the peak of its power around 400 BCE, after which numerous of its colonized towns and districts wrested their autonomy from the hilltop city, however it underwent a period of gradual decline. Copijcha, god of war.
On the other hand, residences away from the city administrative centre had a single relatively small patio. Many monuments in Monte Alban had such inscriptions on them. The Zapotecs are believed to be skilled sculptors and potters. The Zapotecs established another smaller centre at Mitla which was also a religious centre 44kms from the city of Oaxaca. Stay updated with our Newsletter and get Exclusive Content straight to your inbox. Pecala, god of dreams.