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(Copyright notice.) The Zapotec pantheon is as rich and bewildering as any other Mesoamerican religion is to modern eyes with the standard deities for such important agencies on the human condition as rain, sun, wind, earth, and war. With the development of the capital city, its people lived on artificially levelled terraces on the hill. Monumental structures like the Temple of Danzentes had relief figures that decorated the stone platform. Ancient-Civilizations.com participates in the Amazon Associate program and earns money from qualifying purchases.

His eyebrows depict the heavens, his lower lids represent clouds, and his forked serpent's tongue represents a bolt of lightning. Use our Godbrowser™ to explore the Gods of Zapotec Mythology.

The Gods have provided us with a robust privacy and cookie policy which all mortals are advised to read. We are often asked about mythology merchandise. To purchase such goodies we suggest you try Amazon, Ebay or other reputable online stores. Family trees coming soon! Chicomostoc. REGIONS COVERED: Oaxaca in Mexico, Mesoamerica. Just copy the text in the box below. We have 23 individual gods listed in the Zapotec pantheon of gods and spirits.

(occasionally spelt Cociyo) is a lightning deity of the pre-Columbian Zapotec civilization of southern Mexico. [4] In Zapotec myth, he made the sun, moon, stars, seasons, land, mountains, rivers, plants and animals, and day and night by exhaling and creating everything from his breath. But corrections are always welcome, especially from people with first-hand knowledge. Close to 300 figures are identifiable. They evolved from the agricultural communities from in and around Oaxaca. The Zapotecs also known as the cloud people were native of the southern highlands of central Mesoamerica, specifically in the Valley of Oaxaca.

They also accompanied their rituals with burning incense believing that the aromatic smoke rose to join with the clouds, considered an effective way to communicate with one’s ancestors. Many Gods are spread across different regions, cultures and tribes. [7], The worship of Cocijo continued into early Colonial times. View the Zapotec pantheon. List of Zapotec deities. The capital city of Monte Alban was strategically placed to overlook three main valleys. Monumental structures like the Temple of Danzentes had relief figures that decorated the stone platform. A qualitative change took place especially in the region’s internal organization, political system and social stratification. It is also known as Lyobaa which means “place of rest”. For all media enquiries please contact us here. ➦ The history of the Zapotec civilization can be studied to a great extent by analyzing the archaeological remnants recovered from some of the major Zapotec sites such as Dainzu, Mitla, San José Mogote, Lambityeco, Yagul, El Palmillo and Zaachila. For all media enquiries please contact us here. We’ve tried to pin them down to a particular area if possible. Elite residences were built on stone foundations and the adobe walls were plastered with stucco. The people of Zapotec also believed that man’s relationship with natural forces such as lightning and earthquake required an appropriate sacrifice by the recipient.

In the religious practice of the Valley Zapotecs the primary god was Pitao Cozobi who was associated with maize and agriculture.

This list of names from Zapotec mythology compiled by the data dwarves at Godchecker.com. Consult Godchecker’s complete alphabetical list of Zapotec god and goddess names. Not sure of the spelling? Godchecker™ is a trade mark used under license. A similar glyph is used in Mixtec codices as the day sign Water and it is likely that its meaning in Zapotec is identical, therefore being the appropriate glyph for the rain and storm god. This Zapotec pantheon list compiled by the data dwarves at Godchecker.com. BBCODE: To link to this page in a forum post or comment box, just copy and paste the link code below: Here's the info you need to cite this page. Article last revised on May 16, 2019 by the Godchecker data dwarves. Try entering just the first three or four letters. The Godchecker Holy Database currently contains 50 Zapotec deity names — these are listed below. This list is frequently updated — we are constantly discovering more names! The Gods have provided us with a robust privacy and cookie policy which all mortals are advised to read. Copyright © 1999-2020 Godchecker, Inc. All rights reserved. [8], "Zapotec Writing: Knowledge, power, and memory in ancient Oaxaca", Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies, Inc. (FAMSI), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cocijo&oldid=981924967, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 October 2020, at 05:55. Please do not copy without permission. [4], In Zapotec art Cocijo is represented with a zoomorphic face with a wide, blunt snout and a long forked serpentine tongue. Try entering just the first three or four letters. Besides the capital city, there were numerous settlements spread in the surrounding valley. Mother of the gods; A111.2. [6], Among the Zapotecs of the Postclassic period, the four 65-day divisions of the 260-day calendar were named cocijos, which implies that there was a different Cocijo associated with each cardinal direction. Mitla continued to be occupied even after the Spanish conquest. Walls of masonry tombs built under the houses which was a common practice among all strata of the society had elaborate narratives painted on them. Please mention Godchecker.com when praying to the Gods. If you wish to use our material in your essay, book, article, website or project, please consult our permissions page.

Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0 unless otherwise noted. He has attributes characteristic of similar Mesoamerican deities associated with rain, thunder and lightning, such as Tlaloc of central Mexico, and Chaac (or Chaak) of the Maya civilization. Stairs from the house was linked to a small vestibule in front of the tomb to establish a connection of the world with the underworld. Godchecker™ is a trade mark used under license. Last edited on 8 September 2019, at 02:50. The Zapotecs followed a hieroglyphic system of writing. Many Gods are spread across different regions, cultures and tribes. [1] Cocijo was said to be the great lightning god and creator of the world. We’ve tried to pin them down to a particular area if possible. Required fields are marked *. Edited by Colin Renfrew and Ezra B. W. Zubrow. We have tried to collect as many Holy Aliases as possible. The Zapotec state formed at Monte Albán. Close to 300 figures are identifiable. We provide book recommendations and references based on our research for relevant topics. Copyright © 2015-document.write(new Date().getFullYear()) Ancient-Civilizations.com All Rights Reserved. Monte Albán reached the peak of its power around 400 BCE, after which numerous of its colonized towns and districts wrested their autonomy from the hilltop city, however it underwent a period of gradual decline. Copijcha, god of war.

On the other hand, residences away from the city administrative centre had a single relatively small patio. Many monuments in Monte Alban had such inscriptions on them. The Zapotecs are believed to be skilled sculptors and potters. The Zapotecs established another smaller centre at Mitla which was also a religious centre 44kms from the city of Oaxaca. Stay updated with our Newsletter and get Exclusive Content straight to your inbox. Pecala, god of dreams.