Details of this process have already been discussed in chapter 4. Therefore the capacitances change inversely. It is used for lubricating engine components such as speedometer cables, distributor caps, and rotors. There are direct and indirect flushing strategies (Figure 4). However, the advantages that come along with the grease are worth the cost. Hereby single cells or the whole battery pack is stored in a fluid environment (e.g., transformer oil). You are therefore advised not to apply it on mating surfaces of electrical connection. During machining of high aspect ratio and complicated shapes, flushing plays a crucial role in EDM for achieving desired accuracy. Low viscosity to remove debris particles. Before using dielectric grease, it is good to know if it is an insulator. 4. The lubricating effect of dielectric grease is more compared to that of regular grease. The capacitances of the two capacitors depends on the volume between the electrodes filled with the fluid. Vaseline is a petroleum jelly mainly used for lubrication. And it cannot sustain in extremely high-temperature applications. I worked for a long time at Global Rebound Automotive companies (Toyota, TATA, BMW, Nissan, TVs, and Others ) as a Mechanic and Mechanics Supervisor. All That You Need To Know, Can I use 10w30 Instead of 5w30? Vaseline is not dielectric grease. 4.1.16(b). 4.1.17. Disadvantages of water-based fluids are high tool wear, corrosion of the workpiece, and deionization. 6.46 compares schematically conventional EDM and carbon nano fiber assisted micro EDM where carbon nano fiber arranges themselves in the form of micro chain which generates breezing networks between tool and the workpiece. There are two main types of dielectric fluids: deionized water and dielectric fluids based on hydrocarbon compounds, also known as dielectric oil. Dielectric fluids are needed in the gap between tool electrode and workpiece to initiate controlled electrical discharges for achieving removal of material during EDM operation. Silicon grease is made by mixing silicone oil with a thickener. This phenomenon overcomes the lower MRR resulting from gap expansion. Electrical conductive path generates between electrodes due to large amount of debris concentration in the machining gap leads to undesirable sparking as well as arcing results in damage of tool and work piece. My friend and I created this website to share our knowledge, expertise, and experience with our fellow mechanics' community and car users. Carbon nano fibers can also be used in micro EDM. It creates a watertight seal around the spark plug, protecting the connection from dirt and water. As can be seen in figure 3 the electrodes and the fluid form two variable capacitors C1 and C2. A first demonstrator with electrodes on two Printed Circuit Boards showed the high potential of the concept [9]. Another approach also featuring direct contact between coolant and cells, but using liquid media instead of air is based on dielectric fluids. These products are solvents or intermediates for syntheses. Dielectric grease is also known as tune-up grease. It would be best if you did this before you insert the gasket into the connection. This especially becomes very important at short discharge durations and high effective pulse frequencies. Vaseline has a low melting point compared to the dielectric grease and it may burn if it exposed to heat or an electric current. Therefore the sensor generates two output signals with 90° phase shift. They have no action on aluminium. This force generally predominates over the other forces in the presence of the free charge in the fluid. And must assure that it must not touch where you are connecting the components or in the path of the electric current. Upon addition of conductive powder, the reduced electrical resistivity of the dielectric enhances the ionization and spark frequency between the tool and workpiece [76]. Maintaining constant powder concentration in a dielectric is a problematic area in PMEDM. Flushing can also be pulsatory or intermittent. Dielectric materials are further classified based on the state of the material is into three types. Dielectric grease also protects the terminals from moisture and dirt. Dielectric grease is a silicone-based grease that is used in an electric circuit to protect components from dirt, moisture, and corrosion. ethylene glycol monoethyl ether (also called ethylglycol) C2H5OCH2CH2OH. Therefore, it is ideal for both outdoor and marine applications. Inflate the dielectric grease on one probe of the multimeter. Since the machining characteristics are highly dependent on the nature and properties of dielectrics, significant attention has been made by the manufacturing scientists to modify the properties of dielectrics by introducing additives, e.g., abrasives, metal powders and different chemicals to achieve higher machining performance and productivity. It may enter in the machining zone by the side gap between tool and the workpiece and flow out through the tool electrode or workpiece as shown in Fig. Utilizing powder mixed dielectric in the EDM process is called powder mixed EDM (PMEDM). Well! It can also be used combined with suction or pressure flushing technique to achieve better flushing effect. The cost of dielectric grease is very high compared to the Vaseline. Arrangement 1 with the variable capacitors 1a-2 and 1b-2 (analogous to the schematic in figure 2) and arrangement 2 with the capacitors 2a-1 and 2b-1. In spite of these advantages, applications of EDM are constrained due to tool wear, relatively low material removal and its comparatively poor surface quality. Always remember that this grease should only be used on surfaces where current is not passing less it will not allow current to flow between two electrical connections. When a dielectric fluid is placed in a uniform electric field E, a volumic electric force acts thereon. Cellulose ethers also have no action on aluminium. Abrasive powder, e.g., SiC and B4C which are semiconductive ceramics thus generates smaller gap expansion compare to metallic powders. Unlike dielectric grease, which has high melting points, the melting points of Vaseline are low. 4.1.19. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, Micro-Manufacturing Engineering and Technology, Machining processes utilizing thermal energy, Hence, considering above mentioned properties commonly used, : This type of flushing uses nozzle through which dielectric can be directed to the adjacent of the machining zone. It is used in PCB to transfer heat from the device. The grease is non-conductive; thus, when used incorrectly, it can prevent current flow. Hence, considering above mentioned properties commonly used dielectric fluids in EDM are hydrocarbon oil, e.g., transformer oil, paraffin oil, kerosene; lubricating oil, gas, air and also deionized water. Schematic view of MID-inclination sensor concept. Illustration of indirect flushing strategies: lifting (a) and rotation (b). BIO ELECTRA dielectric oil is formulated with over 99% vegetable oils and contains no synthetic antioxidants. Holes provided in the workpiece for flushing of dielectric should not damage the machined product. At the initial stage of machining, there are no debris particles in the die electric. Many people might be wondering what od off or on mean or even what the actual term od means.