Many times players of Prehispanic America (covers the events before the arrival of the Spanish) and Pre-Columbian America (covers the events before the arrival of Christopher Columbus) are terms which are sometimes used as synonyms, but should not be generalized as many North American Amerindian peoples belong to Pre-Columbian America but not to Prehispanic America as they were not colonized by the Spanish but by Anglo-Saxon Europeans. Aztec mythology is the body or collection of myths of Aztec civilization of Central Mexico.

He attributed the Aztec view of the Toltecs to the "tendency of the human mind to glorify the good old days", and the confounding of the place of Tollan with the myth of the struggle between Quetzalcoatl and Tezcatlipoca. The Aztecs practiced ritual sacrifice, ball games, and bloodletting in order to renew the sun each day.
They conclude that relative to the influence exerted in Mesoamerica by Teotihuacan and Tenochtitlan, Tula's influence on other cultures was negligible and was probably not deserving of being defined as an empire, but more of a kingdom. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Although the form of government is often referred to as an empire, in fact most areas within the empire were organized as city-states, known as “altepetl” in Nahuatl. Huitzilopochtli honoured Cópil by causing a cactus to grow over Cópil’s heart.) Tikal raised its first stela (monument) in 292 A.D. and during the following 200 years dominated a large part of the lower regions. And even though the traits identified as "Toltec" appear at many sites along the Gulf Coast and elsewhere, there isn't much evidence for military conquest; the adoption of Toltec traits appears to have been selective, rather than imposed. Tropical Tours to Toltec Towns in Mexico ..(English, Paperback, unknown). The surviving Toltecs under the leadership of Huemac settled at Cahpultepec on the banks of the Lake Texcoco. Notice the similarities between the Toltec atlantean figure and the warrior figure of the Aztecs.

Another controversy relating to the Toltecs remains how best to understand the reasons behind the perceived similarities in architecture and iconography between the archaeological site of Tula and the Mayan site of Chichén Itzá.
They made beautiful ceramic pieces.

Subscribe to our newsletter and get an E-book of Ancient History Facts absolutely Free! Cortés and the Confederacy of Tlaxcala allied to militarily defeat the Aztecs, who were further weakened by a smallpox epidemic in 1520–1521 and subsequent outbreaks. In 1521 Hernán Cortés, along with a large number of Nahuatl -speaking indigenous allies, conquered Tenochtitlan and defeated the Aztec Triple Alliance under the leadership of Hueyi Tlatoani Moctezuma II. The Spanish campaign began in February 1519, and was declared victorious on August 13, 1521, when a coalition army of Spanish forces and native Tlaxcalan warriors led by Hernándo Cortés and Xicotencatl the Younger captured the emperor Cuauhtemoc and Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire. Some secret documents would barely survive intact and would serve for modern investigators in the study of Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures in general. Priests could come from the noble or common classes, but they would receive their training at different schools and perform different functions.

So, the word Toltec should be removed from the word "empire," certainly: and perhaps the best way to look at the concept is as a Toltec ideal, an art style, philosophy and form of government that acted as the "exemplary center" of all that was perfect and longed for by the Aztecs, an ideal echoed at other sites and cultures throughout Mesoamerica.