You write: “Thousands of centuries later, these enchanting Greek temples still provide a window to the past and remain some of the best-preserved testaments to history.”. The building's condition has been maintained due to its history of varied use. La frise ouest, l'opisthodome, montre la bataille des Centaures et des Lapithes. All Rights Reserved. The Temple of Hephaestus (he-FEH-stus) is one such temple. Le camp tourné vers la droite, plus nombreux, a l'avantage. 430 and ca. at the western edge of the city, on top of Agoreos Koronos hill, and it is a classic example of Dorian architecture. Héphaïstos était le dieu de la métallurgie. E. Olsen, « An Interprétation of the Hephaisteion Reliefs ». In the center of the area stood a monumental cult statue of the deity that the temple honored. While many of the Greek temples couldn’t stand the test of time, a lot of them can still be embraced today in Greece and the Southern parts of Italy. La reconstitution des thèmes des frontons est difficile en raison de la nature fragmentaire des vestiges parvenus jusqu'à nous : une interprétation ancienne voulait y voir la naissance d'Érichthonios[Lequel ?] The last Divine Liturgy in the temple took place on 21 February 1833, during the celebrations for the arrival of Otto in Greece. The western frieze was completed between 445–440 BC, while the eastern frieze, the western pediment and several changes in the building's interior are dated by these scholars to 435–430 BC, largely on stylistic grounds. Gigantic columns were the principal component in every temple. The temple follows all the strict features of Greek Doric Order but, on a closer look, one can see the unfinished structures. After the battle of Plataea, the Greeks swore never to rebuild their sanctuaries destroyed by the Persians during their invasion of Greece, but to leave them in ruins, as a perpetual reminder of the war. 14. Le temple d'Héphaïstos donnant sur l'Agora était censé donner la preuve de la richesse de la tradition athénienne, comme en témoignent l'utilisation de l'ordre dorique et tout l'ensemble des métopes et figures sculptées. Old Picture of Temple of Hephaestus. - also intact, though very old, because being used as a church in the Middle Ages), and for 100 years after that - as a Museum. The daring architecture consists of all three forms of segments, Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian, which gives the temple a unique character. The temple of Segesta never actually had a roof or fluted segments. Hephaestus was the patron god of metal working, craftsmanship, and fire. Les sculptures décoratives mettent en évidence l'ampleur du mélange des deux styles dorique et ionique dans la construction du temple. When Athens became the official capital of Greece in 1834, the publication of the relevant royal edict was made in this temple that was the place of the last public turnout of the Athenians. But I kindly question what surely must be a mistake. The Hephaestus temple’ architect was Ictinus, one of the architects who worked at the Parthenon. Many architects have been suggested, but without firm evidence one refers simply to The Hephaisteion Master. Le pronaos et l'opisthodome sont décorés de frises ioniques (mélange des ordres surement inspiré du Parthénon) : la frise à l'ouest court entre les antes, au-dessus de la façade de l'opisthodome; à l'est, c'est-à-dire en façade, la frise se poursuit au-dessus des galeries latérales jusqu'aux colonnades extérieures. It dates back to the 4th century BC. Continue your visit to, Ask stripedcarrot about Temple of Hephaestus, Ask markboyd60 about Temple of Hephaestus, Ask ARTEMISO_13 about Temple of Hephaestus, Hotels near National Archaeological Museum, Hotels near (ATH) Eleftherios Venizelos Intl Airport, Hotels near Technological Educational Institute of Piraeus, Hotels near Technological Educational Institute of Athens, Hotels near ALBA Graduate Business School, Hotels near Athens Graduate School of Management (AGSM), Hotels near University of Indianapolis in Athens, Hotels near National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Zipline & Aerial Adventure Parks in Athens, Conference & Convention Centers in Athens, National Archaeological Museum: Tickets & Tours‎, Ancient Agora of Athens: Tickets & Tours‎. La frise occidentale fut achevée entre -445 et -440, tandis que la frise orientale, le fronton ouest et plusieurs modifications de l'intérieur du bâtiment sont datables de -435 à -430.