All rhino skin is very thick, to protect it from damage caused by rough foliage and the occasional predator attack. Indian Rhinoceros – bumps on the hind legs. The most primary among these features, are the horns, skins, and muscles of the creatures. Most male bull rhinos engage in territorial defense, and use their horns to defeat lesser males in contests of raw strength, or to scare off predatory advances. The Greek root of rhinoceros can be broken into two distinct phrases, “rhino” meaning nose, “keras” meaning horns or tusks. The rhino horn is the most highly prized piece of this animal. Here are some interesting facts about the rhinos’ anatomy, and defense mechanisms. It has been the subject of thousands of poaching enterprises, dating back as early as the fourteenth century in some Asian countries. These teeth are particularly suited to grinding up plant matter. These teeth are particularly suited to grinding up plant matter. These have been the most commonly studied pieces of the rhinoceros’ anatomy, but have also caused the animal to become a primary hunting target for poachers, and irresponsible huntsman. And … Some rhinos, however, have a sharp row of lower incisors which is used to break off stiffer plant matter. The Indian rhino’s skin particularly is used to insulate the animal from hot days, and hangs around the creature in large folds. Black rhinos has a pointed lip structure and is the main feature that makes it different. Black Rhinos are browsers, they eat bushes or trees, that is also why they have a smaller head compare to the White Rhino. Some rhinos, however, have a sharp row of lower incisors which is used to break off stiffer plant matter. Many aspects of the rhino have been the target of scientific and destructive observation since the early eighteen hundreds and beyond. Your contribution will be appreciated to improve our site. Rhinos use these horns for defensive, offensive, and utilitarian purposes. The rhinos’ sense of smell is very acute, they can sense a human standing upwind from as far as a mile away. Most rhinos have very poor sight, and rely more on sound and smells to navigate. Most rhinos are only equipped with two rows of deep molars. Students and teachers are allowed to use this information for school projects and homework. ERRORS in the site, please contact us. The rhino’s horn has been the target of poachers for centuries, and has been used in traditional Asian cultures. Rhinoceros’ heads are very long, with eyes on either side of their heads. Posted by BioExpedition | Jun 26, 2013 | Rhinoceros |. All but one species of rhinos are hairless, with the exception of the Sumatran rhino, which can grow hair on most parts of its body. Many organizations are working to protect this much loved animal. White Rhino's can weigh 2 tons, that 4000 pounds! White Rhinoceros Physical Characteristics. The white rhinoceros or square-lipped rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) is the largest extant species of rhinoceros.It has a wide mouth used for grazing and is the most social of all rhino species. Unlike dear or bovine horns which have a dense bone core and are attached to the animal’s skeleton, the rhinoceros’ horn is made up of corded keratin, the same material that human hair and nails are composed of. There Is More Than One Type. Some rhinos’ horns are little more than small bump like keratin deposits, while others can reach several centimeters in length. This horn is not attached to the rhino’s skeleton; instead it is rooted in the skin of the nose. Differences between Dolphins and Porpoises Video, 5 Birds Perfectly Adapted to Modern Cities. However, a motionless creature is nearly invisible to the rhino if they cannot smell or hear it. Like a true horn, the rhinos’ horn grows throughout the animal’s lifetime, and can even repair itself if broken or damaged. This hair is used to replace other rhinos cooling mechanisms, and keeps dried mud close to the body. Like birds, they must turn their heads in the direction they wish to look. The content in this site was created from the following resources. Most rhinos’ skin is layered with subcutaneous fat used as insulation from both extreme heat in the day, to warmth during cold nights. Most rhinos are only equipped with two rows of deep molars. The white rhino once roamed much of sub-Saharan Africa, but today is under threat due to poaching fueled by these commercial uses. Black & White Rhinos have NO front teeth, Indian Rhino use their canine teeth for self defence. There are a total of five different kinds of rhinos. Rhinos have two distinct lip structures, the pointed lips for high foliage grasping, flat square lips which are used for easy grazing. The white rhinoceros consists of two subspecies: the southern white rhinoceros, with an estimated 19,682–21,077 wild-living animals in the year 2015, and the much rarer northern white rhinoceros. Others use their sharp incisor teeth for combat, and save their horns for foraging and digging wallows in the mud.