with revised supplement. Fear not.’” [To the frightened disciples in the boat. What is a stative verb? In English grammar, a “stative verb” means that the verb describes a state rather than an action.. Stative verbs are sometimes known as “state verbs.” Look at these state verb examples:. Syntactic divisions involve the types of clause structures in which a verb may be used. [3], In some languages, stative and dynamic verbs will use entirely different morphological markers on the verbs themselves. You must log in or register to reply here. (2) Is ἦν functioning as a substantive verb with the meaning of “exist” in John 1:1a (the first independent clause in John 1:1)? and moderators, we have a number of professional volunteer English Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. The verb < live > can be used in a stative sense when it means to stay or be alive i.e. It is the verb which expresses least of all verbs; for it expresses nothing but existence. check out the. Zeitoun, Elizabeth. ; I appreciate John’s helping in time. For this reason, they are sometimes referred to as non-continuous verbs or non-progressive verbs. Is there a reason to not grate cheese ahead of time? Why is this future verb translated as a perfect? ed. For example, “I am sick.” “I am tired.” “I am happy.” But, not “I am,” and not “The Word was.” In the aforementioned examples, the verb is followed by a predicate adjective (“sick,” “tired,” “happy”). Powered by Discourse, best viewed with JavaScript enabled. Grimm, Carl Ludwig Wilibald. So I wonder what's so "dynamic" about this usage of the verb 'wear'. teachers and language experts ready to answer your questions 24 hours a It is not to be confused with, Distinction between intransitive and transitive. grammar, spelling and punctuation, through to language teaching, But 'wear' is not so dynamic as 'put on' as in She put on jeans in that she doesn't really move any part of her body in order to 'wear' her jeans. [There are another seven such in the other Gospels but I do not wish to clutter this too much.]. Forecasting Prices vs Returns by Deep Learning. I think “Live” is a state verb. ), it states that εἰμί can be used as a substantive verb with the meaning of “exist” and “be.”. The verb "to be" εἰμί (eimi in Greek) in almost all languages is probably the most used because it is worked so hard. JungKim, as I'm sure I've said before, "stative" and "dynamic" have never seemed to me to be particularly helpful labels. I would really like to know if ‘to live’ - is a state verb or an action verb? It would depend on the general context. According to LSJ on εἰμί, the first entry (A. 4th ed. 1 … “Action verbs are verbs that specifically describe what the subject of the sentence is doing. However, εἰμί (eimi) is capable of much more. Some languages use the same verbs for dynamic and stative situations, and others use different (but often related) verbs with some kind of qualifiers to distinguish between them. To live is a stative verb (there is no motion or change) and thus would+infinitive does not fit "Ava's grandparents would live in an old farmhouse in the countryside." Advice for getting a paper published as a highschooler. In some theories of formal semantics, including David Dowty's, stative verbs have a logical form that is the lambda expression. I think “Live” is a state verb. Since the Word received life in John 1:3-4 per the UBS Greek text, can the prologue also support the Word was eternal? "Dynamic-stative Distinction in English Verbs. What is the benefit of having FIPS hardware-level encryption on a drive when you can use Veracrypt instead? The verb 'wear' can be in the progressive as in She's wearing jeans, which is to be distinguished from She wears jeans.So it seems that it is a dynamic verb. ; I want you to meet my parents. ), John 4:26 – “Then Jesus said, ‘I am.’” [To the Samaritan woman at the well. Or, is ἦν a substantive verb in John 1:1a (ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος)? JavaScript is disabled. In John 13:13, are the nominatives «ὁ διδάσκαλος» and «ὁ κύριος» functioning as vocatives? Dowty gives several tests to decide whether an English verb is stative. By itself like that, "would" may be ambiguous. 2006. Thayer, Joseph Henry. They usually relate to thoughts, emotions, relationships, senses, states of being and measurements” (Google, resource). In English, a verb that expresses a state can also express the entrance into a state. I am not having an easy time of understanding your point. They didn't live and then live again and again. It was affirmed, rather, that it was functioning as a stative verb and that “Ειμι is always stative.”, Now, if ἦν is always stative, then εἰμί is always stative, as ἦν is a conjugation of εἰμί. Oops! This question is based on a comment on this post to this question.In the comment, it was denied that the verb ἦν in John 1:1a (viz., ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λόγος) is functioning as a substantive verb.It was affirmed, rather, that it was functioning as a stative verb and that “Ειμι is always stative.” This sort of marking is characteristic of other Formosan languages as well.[4]. Thanks for contributing an answer to Biblical Hermeneutics Stack Exchange! You put the garment on and "carry" it around on your back, then you take it off. Is Elastigirl's body shape her natural shape, or did she choose it? UsingEnglish.com is partnering with Gymglish to give you a free one-month trial of this online English training course. In English grammar, a stative verb is a verb used primarily to describe a state of being (I am) or situation (I have).It's how something is, feels, or appears.These verbs don't show physical action (I run) or processes (It prints).Stative verbs can describe a mental or emotional state of being (I doubt) as well as a physical state (Kilroy was here). An example of a simple tense is the present simple, or the past simple. Novakov, Predrag. Edinburgh: Nimmo, 1868. Reformed English Grammar: A Critique & Textual Outline of English Grammar. The distinction between stative and dynamic verbs can be correlated with: A stative verb is often intransitive, while a corresponding dynamic verb would be transitive. Likewise, in ancient Greek, a verb that expresses a state (e.g., ebasíleuon "I was king") may use the aorist to express entrance into the state (e.g., ebasíleusa "I became king"). Hence the verb ‘to be’ is the only substantive verb in the language. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. Verbs in English can be classified as stative (state) and dynamic (sometimes also called "action") verbs.Generally, the stative verbs refer to existence, senses, appearance, feelings and emotions, mental processes, and possession. In German, for instance, several prepositions (Wechselpräpositionen – "changing prepositions") take different noun cases when they accompany stative and dynamic verbs. This question is based on a comment on this post to this question. Stative verbs (or state verbs) describe a status or quality of something… NOT an action.