(haben) It is conjugated as in the present tense. Bist du mit dem Zug nach Berlin gefahren? Here are a few examples of how to get a weak verb into the past tense: Remember, with mixed verbs (as with strong verbs), the stem of the verb may change when going into the German past tense. Tante Uschi _______________ Pharmazie studiert. b) The activity described in the sentence is expressed using the second verb at the end of the sentence. Below are sentences with missing verbs. (fahren) This tense indicates situations or events that have been established through the past or present perfect tense. This depends on whether the verb is a weak verb, a strong verb, or a mixed verb. Here are a few examples (all sentences in the table are in the present tense): The verbs „sterben“, „einschlafen“, „verwelken“ and obviously many more are thus so-called Verbs of Change of State and form the Perfect Tense with the auxiliary verb „sein“. Seid ihr nach Hause gelaufen? (joggen = verb of movement; formed with sein) And consider yourself doubly lucky, because the future perfect tense is simply a combination of verb forms we’ve seen before. It is the German equivalent of the English past perfect tense. 5. __ ihr gestern eure Oma __? 1. (sparen) Wir haben die Rechnung schon bezahlt. The Tenet of sentence structures… if you’ve seen the movie, you’ll understand :). The second part, forming the past participle (the past tense German verb) is a little bit more involved. These exceptions exist when the verb in it’s standard form begins with ge or be or ver. Luckily for us English speakers, the future perfect is basically a one-to-one equivalent between English and German; you use it in the same situations in either language. The present form of either haben or sein.The majority of past tense German sentences are constructed using the verb haben, however when talking about something movement related, you would use the verb sein 2. Maria hat ihn geküsst. __ ihr Herrn Meier __? You’re about to learn what’s called the ‘present perfect’ tense in English, or Das Perfekt in German. [müssen] 2.) (I understood the German sentence.) Marco __ letzte Woche einen Autounfall __. The first is often haben - to have - and you’re going to need the right part, such as ich habe - ‘I have’. Meine Großmutter _______________ im Jahre 1978 gestorben. 7. (kaufen). There are a couple of exceptions when creating a past tense German verb. Almost done! Frau Nell, Sie __ zuviel Bier __. 12. German sentence structure. Ihr das Geld und nie zurückgegeben… Example: (gehen) However, the way of using the German perfect tense is quite different to the English present perfect tense. Barney und John __ im Kasino 2000€ __. (rennen) Wir haben euren Hochzeitstag vergessen. 11. [schlafen] 1.) To form a complete German past tense sentence, you need to add a helping verb, either. The "Perfekt" with modal verbs. As you might expect, the prefix gets ‘stuck’ back on to the participle at the end, but the, Now that you can form the participle form of the verb, we need to learn the complete syntax for a past tense sentence. They take a. Let’s try a few sentences again. The past perfect or pluperfect (Plusquamperfekt) expresses actions that took place before a certain point in the past. This verb is in a special form, the past participle. To form the past participle of a strong verb, you again add ge to the beginning of the verb, but instead add -en to the end of the stem. Wir haben am Morgen unsere Hausaufgaben gemacht. (We did our homework in … This also happens in one version of the past tense. __ Sie an seinen Geburtstag __? When this happens, the beginning of the verb stays the same. By the way, that’s why this language is of such a high importance to make your German fluent. There are just two pretty important exceptions to bear in mind when using the German present perfect: bleiben (to stay) and sein … All of these verbs take, Now we need to mix things up. [lassen] 4.) 2. We use this tense in storytelling together with the simple past, to look back at something that happened before a past event. Ich __ mit der Katze zum Tierarzt __. On the other hand side, this German perfect tense in the tense you mostly use in conversations. Chris ist mit seiner Schwester in Urlaub geflogen. Here are a few German perfect tense example sentences:- Ich habe den deutschen Satz verstanden. Wir __ durch den Wald __. __ du mit dem Auto zur Party __? Once you’ve got a grip on these two use cases, you’ve nearly nailed the haben or sein decision-making process. Haben Sie das Buch schon gelesen? Nina __ gestern ihre Briefmarkensammlung __. The perfect tense of separable verbs is also formed in the above way, except that the separable prefix is joined on to the front of the ge-: ich habe die Flasche aufgemacht, du hast die Flasche aufgemacht and so on. The equivalent sentence in the passive voice would be: The book has been read by him Das Buch ist von ihm gelesen worden. There are a handful of strong verbs that don’t just change their vowel, but the whole stem. If the sentence in the active voice in the "Perfekt" is: He has read a book Er hat ein Buch gelesen. __ du den Pulli __? 15. Warum __ sie (plural) nicht mit Lufthansa __? Anika und Jasmin sind 10 Kilometer gejoggt. [können] 3.) (trinken) These are all strong or mixed verbs, so you’ll need to look at your chart/list. As with mixed verbs above, the stem may change when going into the past tense German form. (present) a) Ich trank einen Kaffee. German past perfect. Wir das nicht . 13. Below are blanked out sentences: some verbs take, Finally, let’s mix everything together. (sagen) Habt ihr für die Prüfung gelernt? Wer hat Pizza bestellt? (denken) The "Perfekt" with modal verbs. Gestern ist er nach London geflogen. 9. Sie hat ihn nicht gesehen. Ich _______________ nach Madison gefahren. These are all weak (‘regular’) verbs. To form the perfect tense you need two verbs. (Yesterday he flew to London.) (verkaufen) (waschen) (gewinnen) Die Tasche __ ich auf Ebay __. Wir __ euch das schon sehr oft __. These irregular verbs just need to be memorized, but fortunately they’re the most common verbs (go, come, be, do), so you’ll see them a lot and get familiar with them very quickly. The present perfect is formed from two parts: a) In second position in the sentence is a simple clause with the auxiliary verb haben or sein. Gestern hat Michael sein Büro... an action that will be completed by a certain point in the future. Ich diese Aufgabe nicht . The same rules for inseparable prefixes (no, In addition to the strong verbs, there is a very small handful (about six) of verbs that are called ‘mixed’ verbs, because they act like a mix between strong and weak verbs. Perfect Tense with Example Sentences and Test. (fliegen) (fliegen = verb of movement; formed with sein) Sie _______________ ihr Fahrrad gefahren. _______________ du gestern Fußball gespielt? Meine Eltern mich spielen . 14. We’re finally going to learn to talk about past events in German! (laufen = verb of movement; formed with sein) We’ve already learned about this weird feature of the verb going to the end. 10. You’re about to learn what’s called the ‘present perfect’ tense in English, or, The first thing we need to talk about when learning to form the, Like English, German has a group of ‘regular’ (termed ‘weak’) verbs that always add a, To form the past participle of the German, There are two exceptions to this nice regularity. And here once more an … Ich trinke einen Kaffee. ; With inseparable verbs, the only difference is that past participles are formed without the ge-: ich habe Kaffee bestellt, du hast Kaffee bestellt and so on. To form the past participle of a weak or mixed verb, you add ge to the beginning of the verb and -t after the stem of the verb. Wieviel Geld __ ihr __? The last thing to learn about the, Once again, practice by making complete sentences. 8. (fahren = verb of movement; formed with sein) The first ist that verbs that end in, The other exception is for inseparable prefixes, like, What happens with separable-prefix verbs? The equivalent sentence in the passive voice would be: The book has been read by him Das Buch ist von ihm gelesen worden. The perfect tense is a form of German past tense that is made up of two parts: 1. Last, we have the future perfect tense. 6. Deutsch 101 Handout: The Perfekt Tense: We’re finally going to learn to talk about past events in German! (sehen) Example: Ich habe heute sehr lange geschlafen. (Don’t be confused by the word ‘present’ -- this is a past tense that talks about past events -- it’s the English terminology that’s confusing.) 4. Now we need to learn about the other type of verb, the. The perfect tense is a form of German past tense that is made up of two parts: As explained above, forming a past tense German sentence within the perfect tense is done in two parts. 3. On the one hand side, “das Perfekt” refers to a past event or action which has been completed. (besuchen) Let’s try a few simple sentences for practice. _______________ ihr um zehn Uhr eingeschlafen? We use the German perfect tense to express: a completed action in the past with the focus on the result of the action. Fill in the helping verbs (either. For example: “Sie ist leztes Jahr gestorben.” (She died last year.) Ich habe meinem Bruder geholfen. The first part, with haben or sein is pretty straight forward. If the sentence in the active voice in the "Perfekt" is: He has read a book Er hat ein Buch gelesen.