Their father Claude, Duke of Guise, was the son of René II, Duke of Lorraine, who had been accorded French citizenship by King Francis I, his military companion. Monument to the Heart of Henry II, Louvre, Paris, sculpture of the Three Graces by Germain Pilon holding a replica of the urn that contained the king's heart. On 30 June 1559, a tournament was held near Place des Vosges to celebrate the Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis with his longtime enemies, the Habsburgs of Austria, and to celebrate the marriage of his daughter Elisabeth of Valois to King Philip II of Spain. [4], Henry married Catherine de' Medici, a member of the ruling family of Florence, on 28 October 1533, when they were both fourteen years old.

On 24 April 1558, Henry's fourteen-year-old son, the Dauphin Francis, married Mary. Henry had Mary sign secret documents, illegal in Scottish law, that would ensure Valois rule in Scotland even if Mary died without leaving a child by Francis. On 21 December, the council named Catherine de Médici Regent of France.

Protestants elected local leaders, raised money, bought weapons, and formed militias.

[11] An early offensive into Lorraine was successful.

He was played by a young Roger Moore in the 1956 film Diane, opposite Lana Turner in the title role and Marisa Pavan as Catherine de Medici.[34]. [6], The two eldest brothers of the House of Guise had already had major roles in the reign of Henry II. Intermediates between Catholicism and Protestantism, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Provisional Government of the French Republic, Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Francis_II_of_France&oldid=988116734, Articles with incomplete citations from February 2016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from July 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Francis II is one of the main characters on the CW show, This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 04:59. His unpopular and repressive policy toward Protestantism motivated the Amboise conspiracy, in which certain Protestant leaders attempted a coup d'étatagainst the king and the House of Guise. Later he supported the repression of the Amboise conspiracy of 1560, notably by going to the Parlement to communicate to its members the measures taken by the king.

His godparents were Francis I (who knighted him during the ceremony), Pope Paul III, and his great-aunt Marguerite de Navarre.

The eldest son of Henry II and Catherine de Médicis, Francis was married in April 1558 to Mary Stuart, queen of Scots and niece of François, duc de Guise, and of Charles, cardinal of Lorraine.

But on 17 March, two hundred men tried to storm one of the city gates at the foot of the castle. An ecumenical council for the church of France was officially proposed: instead of gaining the consent of Pope Pius IV, the cardinal and the Queen Mother called for a general council in which Christians of all opinions and from all over Europe would meet to reform the religion. He is married to Kenna Livingston, one of the ladies in waiting to his half sister in law Mary Stuart. Francis II died childless, so his younger brother Charles, then ten years old, succeeded him. [42] In January 1560, the English fleet blockaded the port of Leith, which French troops had turned into a military base. To mitigate criticism of the king based on his youth, the government tried to win him approval by communicating his decisions themselves. Although the royal age of majority was 14, his mother, Catherine de' Medici, entrusted the reins of government to his wife's uncles from the House of Guise, staunch supporters of the Catholic cause. On the first day of his reign, Francis II instructed his four ministers to take orders from his mother, but since she was still in mourning for her husband, she directed them to the House of Guise.

A cypher machine in the shape of a book, with arms of Henri II. Henry II, here standing on an oriental carpet, continued the policy of Franco-Ottoman alliance of his father Francis I. Painting by François Clouet. It was a union that could have given the future kings of France the throne of Scotland and also a claim to the throne of England through Mary's great-grandfather, King Henry VII of England. His mother is Diane de Poitiers, who was real person: Henry II of France’s longtime mistress. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The unrest that had started sporadically during the Amboise conspiracy spread over the summer throughout the kingdom.

[17], Henry II was an avid hunter and a participant in jousts and tournaments. Armed gangs from Languedoc went to Provence and Dauphiné, which Paul de Mouvans and Charles de Montbrun were trying respectively to enlist into the insurrection.

His death temporarily ended the Guises’ dominion and saved Condé, who had been sentenced to death for high treason. Some suspected Protestants of having poisoned the king, a view held by Catholics as the tensions between them and Protestants were on the rise, but this has not been proven. Henry II severely punished them, particularly the ministers, for example by burning at the stake or cutting off their tongues for uttering heresies. On 21 September 1559, Francis II was crowned king in Reims by his uncle Charles, Cardinal of Lorraine.

This in turn frightened Francis’ mother, Catherine, who then tried to balance the situation by securing the appointment of the moderate Michel de L’Hospital as chancellor. In the 2013 CW series Reign he is played by Alan van Sprang. But they had no children together, and she had no children named Sebastian. Determined to stop the persecution and have Protestantism officially recognised, a group of noblemen planned the Amboise conspiracy to overthrow the government and give power to the Princes of the Blood, who supported the new religion. The retaliation continued for several weeks, and almost twelve hundred people died. Bash, like his mother, has brown hair, tanned skin and the lightest of eyes. Married Louise of Lorraine on 15 February 1575. Henry was nonetheless forced to accept the Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis, in which he renounced any further claims to territories in Italy.