The dates were eaten either fresh or dried, and palm wood was also used in crafts, but not in construction. Beer and luxury foods were made from wheat and emmer. Grain was cut with a sickle, dried in shacks, and threshed by driving animals over it to "tread out" the grain. The Fertile Crescent was a long strip of land curving around like an arc or bowl, where the soil was very rich and fertile and there was plenty of water. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. The rich soil extends into Egypt! Ancient History Encyclopedia. Which letter on the map shows the location of Mesopotamia? Cite This Work Answer the following questions in complete sentences where appropriate. Find the source of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers What is it like? PLS 3rd Learning | 678 Main Street, Buffalo, NY 14202 | phone: 1.800.590.6126 Teacher will distribute a map of the Fertile Crescent which is page three of the SMART Board activity. Agriculture in the Fertile Crescent. Students will outline the Fertile Crescent with pen, pencil or marker. Human dwellings in early Mesopotamia were made of. Explanation: Sub to my channel! endstream endobj startxref letter B. In Babylonia, Assyria, and the Hittite lands, barley was the main grain for human use: It was a widely used form of payment, and flat bread was made from barley. The main types of grain that were used for agriculture were wheat, barley, millet, & emmer. Crabben, Jan V. D. "Agriculture in the Fertile Crescent." Throughout history, it has led to the development of agriculture, specialization, and cities. All Rights Reserved. The Fertile Crescent: The Fertile Crescent runs from the Taurus Mountains in the north to the Arabian Desert in the south, and from the Eastern Mediterranean to the Zagros Mountains. hŞb```a``–g`e`øt“A€€2¬@ÌÑÁğNˆ5…�aÕˆSò¾e…/VËüps`q©èè ¬¡á µ@ÀÉÀ|^H‹±X$�A€±�ã,[{>?›2Ã9†óŒ'X�².gİÇœËÃeªø„?‹�Áùà‰ëş“º ¶q30_û¤�¸ˆ¹€Æş†ğÙ¾ÃËÇÀü¯ "Êh Students will respond to the next question. SS.I.4.1C Students understand how scarcity requires people and nations to make choices which involve costs and future considerations. Irrigated farmland, as is still the case today, was under constant threat of salination. hŞbbd```b``f‘Œ`ò"ˆä’‘l‹A$Ç0™ "ÙKÀjäÁ¤ˆd’«“?À$?ˆdÙ"YׂMk‘J¦ R`7ˆd‘®[email protected]’ñ¤�üŸíÂÀtX–�qP�ÿ˜z_ xşm %%EOF Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Social Studies (NYS K-12 Framework Common Core). Ancient Mesopotamia is located within the Fertile Crescent, but the Crescent covers … Teacher will assign students one vocabulary word to be completed on the worksheet illustrated on page six of the SMART Board activity. %PDF-1.6 %âãÏÓ For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Define Fertile Crescent a narrow strip of land in western ancient Asia named for its fruitfulness and for the likeness of its shape to a crescent moon, includes portions of the modern nations of Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, and Iraq ): Complex societies and civilizations developed in the Eastern Hemisphere. Rivers. The Fertile Crescent is a boomerang-shaped region that extends from the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. Crabben, Jan V. D. "Agriculture in the Fertile Crescent." Related Content Books Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. What is it? Many harvests were destroyed by drought or flooding. Students will trace the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and identify the body of water to which it flows into. 25 Nov 2020. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers provide the much-needed water for the farmers of the area. Students will use their flash cards, journals, lesson summary sheet, and information from the PowerPoint to complete a Word Map. The Taurus Mountains are the source of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Directions: Read pages . Students will respond to the question. The main canals were generally created and maintained by the state, and the small ones by the farmers themselves or the local communities. In the granaries, cats and mongooses were used to protect the store from mice. The Fertile Crescent extended from the Persian Gulf up and around the Tigris Euphrates rivers and westward to the Mediterranean Sea and down into Egypt and the Nile River. Show that they understand that the Tigris and Euphrates empties into the Persian Gulf, Approximately two to four 42-minute periods. SS.6.3.b Complex societies and civilizations share the common characteristics of religion, job specialization, cities, government, language/record keeping system, technology, and social hierarchy. The region was highly diverse in terms of agricultural production, both in terms of regional crop yields, and annual variation (up to 100 x more grain was harvested in particularly good years). Harvest required significant manpower, as there was immense time pressure on completing the harvest before winter set in. Understand that Mesopotamia is in present-day Iraq SS.6.3 EARLY RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS IN THE EASTERN HEMISPHERE (ca. This is page four of the SMART Board lesson. Students will brainstorm other shapes that resemble a crescent. Fertile Crescent. The main types of grain that were used for agriculture were wheat, barley, millet, and emmer. Figs, pomegranate, apple, and pistachio groves were found throughout the Fertile Crescent. See examples on page seven of the SMART Board lesson. Bibliography unitedstreaming/Migration to the Fertile Crescentunitedstreaming/From Nomads to Farmers, The Geography of the Fertile Crescent.pdfThe Geography of the Fertile Crescent.notebook. This map shows the locations of ancient river civilizations. The ancient Near East, and the Fertile Crescent in particular, is generally seen as the birthplace of agriculture. Students will identify the source of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The grain was then either stored in granaries, or transported away along the waterways (sometimes even exported to other countries). Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. SS.I.2.2C Students study about major turning points in world history by investigating the causes and other factors that brought about change and the results of these changes. License. 1. Flax was used to make linen cloth. Over time, the people of the region were able to produce enough crops to feed themselves and trade the extra food they produced. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Students will read and discuss the reading passage. Last modified February 23, 2011. Students will make flash cards for homework. Mesopotamia, which is present-day Iraq, is the region known as the "land between two rivers."