In the first example, helps has he for its subject; hence the verb like is limited by person and number. But this method is not always helpful. The example below will throw light into these characteristics. Many English learners find it difficult to choose between the use of infinitive and gerund. Gerund may not be used with the article but can be used with a preposition. Verbs in the infinitive form of the third person singular and plural are pronounced similarly. Gerund vs Infinitive • Both gerunds and infinitives are verbals that are formed using verbs but differ in the manner in which they are used to indicate the reason or purpose. Knowing the difference between gerund and infinitive can save you from making costly grammar mistakes when writing. It is distinguished from participles by the context. In this case: Child is a noun. Use the Gerund when like is used in the sense of 'enjoy'. It is, therefore, not limited by a person and number as a verb that has a subject. Thus, they cannot check the spelling of words. For example, "I think that a (what? Infinitive phrases – normally referred to as infinitives – are formed with the word to in front of a verb. His greatest pleasure is to collect stamps. He called to see my father. There is normally no difference in meaning. Infinitive, to + base verb: the infinitive form is the base ... Gerund, -ing form: the gerund … Infinitive: To succeed is an infinitive—a verb preceded by to. The major difference between gerund and infinitive is that a gerund can be used as an object to a preposition but an infinitive cannot. For example, students can face difficulty in putting the infinitive impersonal verbs, which can be the consequence of spelling errors. A gerund can indicate an action or a state of being and any action verb can be made into a gerund. To learn how to correctly form the indefinite form, it is necessary to pay attention to the structure of the word because Infinitive verb can act as secondary parts of the sentence. – qualifies an adjective, This is not the time to regret. Take a look: If a word ends with “ing” associated with the dependent word using the excuse, then it is not a gerund, and if it manages dependent word with the accusative case, it may be a gerund. It is not a time for playing". Gerund: Gerund is a non-personal form of the verb, which has features of a verb and a noun collectively. Consider the sentence "Please stand during the reading of this book. Image courtesy: docstoc.com, Infinitive: They always have “ing” in the ending. What is an Infinitive The infinitive can be introduced as a verb-noun. Children also confuse the verbs in the form of a third person with the infinitive, and therefore will not be able to determine how to write: "ed". Gerunds are formed by adding –ing to the end of a verb. Gerunds can be used as the object of a preposition. Verbs in the infinitive form of the third person singular and plural are pronounced similarly. Difference Between Object and Complement in English... What is the Difference Between Turkey and Chicken, What is the Difference Between Cowboy and Wrangler, What is the Difference Between Epic Theatre and Dramatic Theatre, What is the Difference Between Sticky Rice and Jasmine Rice, What is the Difference Between Firm Medium and Plush Mattress, What is the Difference Between Landscape and Scenery. An infinitive can act as the object, the subject or the complement. Gerund is generally followed by prepositions. Difference between Gerund and Infinitive. For example, "I was embarrassed by the dancing of that woman” and “She made a few mistakes when reading the poem.” We’ll discuss this under difference between Infinitive and Gerund section. If like is in the negative, a gerund refers to an action that we do but don't enjoy doing, while a to -infinitive means that we don't do something because we don't think it right to do: I could tell that Sandra didn't like being photographed though she didn't say a word. Therefore, it is a verb-noun that can act as either the subject or the object of a verb. Other differences between infinitive and gerund are as follows. Here reading - the sacrament, because used with the definite article “the”, and playing - the sacrament, because the preposition is used for the purpose. If it describes a noun, it is not a gerund and participle. Gerund or infinitive? Difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Flagella, Difference between Himalayan Rivers and Peninsular Rivers. You can, of course, form the infinitive with auxiliary issues of "what to do?”. You need to learn basic grammar rules to determine which of these words are infinitive. Use the Infinitive when you do sth. Your email address will not be published. The little boy was punished for misbehaving. The main difference between Infinitive and Gerund is, the infinitive often takes the base form of a verb while the gerund is a verb in its –ing form. Required fields are marked *, Prove You\'re Human * It is distinguished from participles by the context. In the second example, to help simply names the action denoted by the verb try and is used without mentioning any subject. They always have “ing” in the ending. Some examples are eating, playing, and listening. However, it is difficult to distinguish between the personal infinitive forms, if the word is written in the transcription. For example, the verb in the syntax "seems successful" children find it difficult to put the subsidiary questions. Mind the following examples: I like watch ing films. Gerunds are nouns formed from verbs. Take a look at the words that stand side by side. Example: I like rid ing my bike. Though it does not act as the verb of a sentence, it has certain qualities of a verb. The infinitive can be introduced as a verb-noun. Gerund sounds more normal and common when used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. Gerund: Succeeding is a noun here; indeed, it is … – qualifies a sentence. – qualifies a verb, The students are eager to learn. Infinitives use to before the verb so the examples above would be to eat, to play, and to listen. – qualifies a noun, To tell the truth, I was afraid he would reveal everything.