script.setAttribute("src", "//"); Usurping power and assuming for himself the title of king, Sargon went on to conquer southern Mesopotamia and lead military expeditions to conquer further east and north. Sargon was succeeded by two of his sons, Rimush and Manishtushu, who consolidated the dynasty's hold on much of Mesopotamia. It would seem, however, that a decline began soon after the death of Naram-Sin, who appears to have been succeeded by a second Sharganisharri, of whom little is known. He attempted to establish a unified empire and to end the hostilities among the city-states. d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); Not yet content, he overran Elam and even reached the Eastern Mediterranean Coast, colonizing Lebanon. }, Page last modified: At this time quarrels between the cities caused the breakup of central control and Sumeria was the prey of invading Amorites from the west and Elamites from the East. Poss. This number is now regarded as too old, as the reign of Sargon himself is dated to about 2300 BC, and that of Naram-Sin about 2250 BC. var script = document.createElement("script"); The last two kings, Dudu, the son of Shar-Kali-Sharri, and Shur-Turul, the son of Dudu, are rarely mentioned though they are known to have ruled the region around the city of Akkad … (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//"); Sumer was conquered in approximately 2334 BC by Sargon I, king of the Semitic city of Akkad. The upshot of the activity of three rulers of unusual aggressiveness, Sargon, Rimush and Manishtusu, was a most striking advance of Semitic influence throughout the Euphrates Valley - an influence that became a permanent factor in the further development of political affairs. He also seems to have campaigned against former Akkadian subjects to the south, including Girsu, Umma and Elam. document.getElementsByTagName("head")[0].appendChild(script); ), the dynasty's first king. Eduard Meyer reached the low-water mark by placing him 2500 BC, and subsequently research lowered the reign of Sargon I to 2340-2285 BC. It was left to the son, however, to follow up this movement by more systematic endeavors and on a larger scale to bring various of the groups in these distant, forbidding regions, so difficult of access, to subjection. We thus obtain a view of the strength unfolded at this early period hy the Semitic settlements of the Euphrates Valley which makes the achievements of the Sumerians, even of a Lugalzaggisi, dwindle into comparative insignificance. #ga-ad {display: none;} At its greatest extent, the empire reached as far as Anatolia in the north, inner Iran in the east, Arabia in the south, and the Mediterranean in the west. The antiquarian zeal of Nabonidos led him to excavate among the foundations of the temple in the hope of finding the cylinder of Naram-Sin, who was known to have been the founder of it, and he tells us (col. ii. } ), and there are references to campaigns against powerful states in the north, possibly including Ebla. On the tide of his authority old Babylonian dates once soared to swindling heights; the undermining of his trustworthiness tended to make the very foundations swerve. revolted and reestablished rule under what came to be known as the Third Dynasty of Ur. HRE Ferdinand I's 112-Great Grandfather. The city of Agade itself has not so far been located, but it was probably founded before the time of Sargon (r. ca. He thus merited, by bis achievements, the proud title of "King of the Four Quarters," which was equivalent to "King of the Universe," borne later by the Assyrian monarchs. The overthrow of so powerful a dynasty as that of Akkad must have affected the entire country; it was a signal for the older, once independent centers, to assert themselves. Quickly he attacked the warlike peoples in Assyria and Syria, winning their allegiance. There are no other surviving records referencing any of these competitors, but a few artifacts with inscriptions confirming Dudu's rule over a rump Akkadian state that may have included little more than the capital, Akkad itself. Sargon's rule introduced a new level of political organization that was characterized by an even more clear-cut separation between religious authority and secular authority. The last two kings of Akkad following the death of Shar-Kali-Sharri, Dudu and his son Shu-Turul, ruled only the area around the city and are rarely mentioned in association with the empire"(Akkad… NaramSin appears indeed to have surpassed all of his predecessors in opening up new fields of conquest, particularly to the northeast and to the southwest. [2] Unlike preceding Akkadian kings, there are no certain "year names" known from this time, thus it is unlikely that Dudu could have actually reigned so long. People > Dudu. 2340-2285 B.C. To ensure his supremacy, Sargon created the first conscripted army, a development related to the need to mobilize large numbers of laborers for irrigation and flood-control works.