The Indus Valley is important to understanding the beginnings of agriculture and early. For more such informative articles stay tuned to OWN TV. Download Indus Valley Civilization of India Study Material PDF. For agriculture in this soft soil, the then farmers must have been digging the land by tying thin axes of copper on the wooden handle. Decipherable written records seen in Mesopotamia (cuneiform) and Egypt (hieroglyphics) are lacked in both South America and the Indus Valley, preventing too much to be known about their civilizations, Geography’s Impact on Culture and Society They domesticated animals such as dogs, cats, short-horned buffaloes, possibly pigs, camels, cow, chicken, sheep, goats, horses,donkeys (which they later used for transportation),and elephants. The sculptor has carefully rounded these curves, particularly the abdomen. ( Log Out /  Another name for this civilization is “the Harappan Civilization of the Indus Valley” in the reference to its first excavated city of Harappa. However, its prosperous towns and towns in the past demonstrate that it was ripe in old circumstances. The economy of the Indus civilization was based on animal husbandry, and on agriculture, growing cereals, pulses, and other plants. Sickles used for reaping wheat still have traces of silica from ancient wheat stems on their blades, which produce a sheen that is, visible to the naked eye. Indus Valley Civilization (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download contains detailed study notes for this topic. Some of it was also inscribed, polychromed and glazed. Agriculture: Animals Animals played a big roll in the Indus Civilization. Your email address will not be published. Mohenjodaro and some other Indus cities consist of two sectors, a western Citadel and an eastern Lower City. In later cultures, various elements of the IVC are found which suggest that civilization did not disappear suddenly due to an invasion. At Gujarat near Bhogava river, discovered by S.R. However, little bit of regional variation within the Indus Valley Civilization can be traced because of its vas geographical expanse for instance, baked bricks were commonly used for construction at Mohenjadaro and at Harappa because stone is rare there, while limestone was more commonly used at Dholavira. Indus Valley Civilization (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download. Bank of Indus river. They used pottery, weaving, and hunting for a living. Cotton was first produced by the Indus Valley people. Between the years 2500 and 1700 B.C., the Indus valley in the northwest portion of today’s India fostered homes for, The Indus Valley had many raw materials which then led to interregional change. The major cities contained a few large buildings, including a citadel, a large bath—perhaps for personal and communal ablution—differentiated living quarters, flat-roofed brick houses and forti lied administrative or religious centres enclosing meeting halls and granaries. Archaeologists have also found a large quantity of well-made pottery, replicas of bullock carts, status showing the human face, bronze objects (including a beautiful female statuette) and glass These findings prove that the people of Harappa practised industrial crafts such as ceramics, sculpture, metalwork glass making. When stamped in wet clay, the seal creates a raised image of itself in the clay. Mortar and baked bricks were used for the construction of dwellings. Culture of Indus Valley Civilization In India Study Material. Cotton was woven and dyed for clothing; Wheat, nee and a variety of vegetables and fruits were cultivated. Did you know what happened on November 19 in World History? People may have even used these can to peddle pottery or other goods. The Indus River had fertile soil along its basin which supported agriculture. Agriculture, hunting, fishing and rearing of animal/birds was their main source of livelihood. Agriculture: The Indus people used the irrigation system to irrigate the crops. In 1924, John Marshall, Director-General of the ASI, announced the discovery of a new civilization in the Indus valley to the world. All rights reserved. Thus the Indus people were depended on the modern usage of work and somehow the traditional methods turned obsolete. The society, in general, was literati artistic and was fairly egalitarian in spite of the practice of slave labour. Animals played a big roll in the Indus Civilization. Terracotta cakes were either triangular or round/oval and sometimes had a finger impression in the centre. The Indus civilization apparently evolved from the villages of neighbours or predecessors, using the Mesopotamian model of irrigated agriculture with sufficient skill to reap the advantages of the spacious and fertile Indus River valley while controlling the formidable annual flood that simultaneously fertilizes and destroys. Read more: History Notes: What was Indus Valley Civilization? Harappans are known for their stability, regularity and conservatism, it could not be ascertained who wielded authority−whether an aristocratic, priestly or commercial minority. The ‘Lower Town’ was divided into a number of blocks by a grid of straight streets running north-south and east-west, and each block was further divided by small lanes. At the exhibit, it has just a rainfall of around 15 cm. When studying ancient civilizations and the beginning societies in the world, the geography has shaped its story significantly. Foods, materials, and other agricultural goods were also a part of trade. Mixed farming was highly profitable as rains and other local water resources supported farming in the region and also facilitated grazing of cattle in Gujarat, Punjab and in the uplands of Baluchistan. A similar linearity and dynamism is characterised much later in the Indian sculpture. These metal implements may have served as status symbols. Mesopotamia remains a region which has a vast amount of different features surrounding the area making it enticing for civilization; for example, there are rivers (Tigris, Euphrates), a valley known as the ‘Indus Valley’, mountains, floodplains, and deserts. Although the Harappans practiced agriculture, The importance of trade in the life of the Indus people is witnessed by the, Metal money was not used and trade was carried by a. The Indus Valley Civilization people sowed seeds in the flood plains in November, when the flood water receded and reaped their harvest of wheat and barley in April before the advent of the next flood, rice, barley, milk, dates, fish, eggs and animal flesh formed their staple food. Harappan had a conservative outlook and their culture remained almost unchanged for centuries. Indus Valley Civilization (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download link below, Download: Sources of Ancient Indian History (Notes+MCQ) PDF Download. Indus Valley Civilization belongs to which age? Harappan Sites discovered by – Dayaram Sahni (1921) – Montgomery district, Punjab, Pakistan. You have entered an incorrect email address! Thus, from just about the western world’s beginning, India ’s environmental records have existed in writing. Mohenjodaro, one of the largest cities of the Indus Valley Civilization, covers an area of approximately 12 km. It measures 35 mm diameter, is approximately 4 mm thick, and bears engraved motifs on both sides. In 1920s, the Archaeological Department of India carried out excavations in the Indus valley wherein the ruins of the two old cities, viz. There were planned cities and roads. Indus Collapse, 396 Glossary, 403 Chronology, 419 Resources for Further Study, 423 General, 423 History of Discovery, 423 Indus Antecedents, 424 The Indus Civilization in South Asian Culture, 424 Neighbors of the Indus Civilization, 424 The End of the Indus Civilization and the Post-Harappan Period, 425 Economy, Trade, and Foreign Relations, 425