Hormones are released into body fluids, usually blood, which carries them to their target cells where they elicit a response. Which endocrine glands are associated with the kidneys? Leptin produces a feeling of satiety after eating, reducing the urge for further eating. They trigger the release of gastric juices, which help to break down and digest food in the GI tract. The endocrine glands include the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands, gonads, pineal, and pancreas. The pituitary gland, sometimes called the hypophysis, is located at the base of the brain (Figure 16.4.1a). Start studying Endocrine system Concept Map. Supports over 40+ diagram types and has 1000’s of professionally drawn templates. 2 Bestandteile. _____ joints don't allow movement and are found in the skull. It is attached to the hypothalamus. Hormones cause changes in target cells by binding to specific cell-surface or intracellularhormone receptors, molecules embedded in the cell membrane or floating in the cytoplasm with a binding site that matches a binding site on the hormone molecule. The gastrointestinal tract produces various hormones that aid in digestion. EPO has been used by athletes to improve performance. Englisch: Endocrine System. Studies the relationships between the endocrine and nervous systems, • Regulation of sodium/water balance (for control of blood volume/BP), synthesis and release > transport > target cell recognition >. The thymus is found behind the sternum. Use Creately’s easy online diagram editor to edit this diagram, collaborate with others and export results to multiple image formats. The human cardiovascular system can be divided into two circuits: the ______ circuit transports blood between the heart and lungs and the ______ circuit transports blood between the heart and the rest of the body. The shoulder has a greater range of movement than the elbow because of the ______ joint where the upper arm joins the shoulder blade. Can you complete this concept map reviewing human sexual reproduction? Hypothyroidism, resulting in weight gain, cold sensitivity, and reduced mental activity. 6.3.1. The completion of meiosis II during oogenesis occurs at ________________. C. adrenal glands The _____ is the master control center for the endocrine system. Cells can have many receptors for the same hormone but often also possess receptors for different types of hormones. Can you complete this concept map about muscle organization? Regulates the blood's calcium and phosphate levels 6.3.1.1. The A1C test measures average blood-glucose levels over the past two to three months. Adipose tissue produces leptin, which promotes satiety signals in the brain. Building Vocabulary: Animal Structure and Function. catecholamines, thyroid hormones. An endocrine surgeon specializes in the surgical treatment of endocrine diseases and glands. The endocrine cells of the pancreas form clusters called pancreatic islets or the islets of Langerhans. Maintaining homeostasis within the body requires the coordination of many different systems and organs. Hyperthyroidism, resulting in weight gain, cold sensitivity, and reduced mental activity. Receptors for a specific hormone may be found on or in many different cells or may be limited to a small number of specialized cells. Some cases of diabetes mellitus can be managed by exercise, weight loss, and a healthy diet; in other cases, medications may be required to enhance insulin’s production or effect. D. Hypothyroidism, resulting in weight loss, profuse sweating and increased heart rate. The endocrine system glands are ductless; they secret hormones into the blood stream. These two structures make up an anatomical division called the _____. hypersecretion of the hormones. EPO triggers the formation of red blood cells in the bone marrow. Homeostasis is disrupted when an endocrine gland produces ______ hormone product. When air pressure in the lungs is less than air pressure in the atmosphere, ___________ occurs. It is a butterfly-shaped gland with two lobes that are connected. Humans have ___________ in which the bones are associated with the soft tissues and are found inside the body. These hormones regulate blood-glucose levels. Which of the following options lists cell types in the correct order of their appearance during spermatogenesis? The pancreas is an elongate organ located between the stomach and the proximal portion of the small intestine (Figure 16.4.1d). both involve meiosis and the production of haploid cells. The glucocorticoids maintain proper blood-glucose levels between meals. Unless otherwise noted, LibreTexts content is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0. Your heart is an example of what level of the structural hierarchy of the organization of your body? Its secretion at the onset of puberty triggers, sexual development, and from then on it is essential for normal sexual physiology in, both males and females. The anterior pituitary receives signals from the hypothalamus and produces six hormones.